You can find numerous sites on Google that have well-written Laptop buying guide articles. But I have made a simple approach to make my readers understand the basics of buying a Laptop in this Laptop buying guide tutorial
Why Do You Need A Laptop?
Before you buy a new laptop, the first thing you should ask yourself, is that, why do you need a laptop? Do you need it just because your neighbor or a relative had bought a new one recently or you do you really have some serious work to do? After you make your decision it comes to a question that you should buy a desktop or a laptop? If a laptop then why?
Desktop vs Laptop
Advantages of Desktops over Laptops:
- A desktop will cost you between 10,000 to 20,000 INR. This is much lower than a Laptop that will have the same configurations as that of the Desktop.
- You can customize your desktop in the future according to your choice. You can change and enhance the internal setup of your Desktop computer to improve its performance. Although, laptops also offer you some customizations the alternation will be very confined.
- The performance of a Desktop will be considerably higher than a laptop. That is why most of the gamers consider Desktops over Laptops.
Advantages of Laptops over Desktops:
- Laptops are portable and can be carried to distinct locations very easily.
- You can get a battery life of around 6 to 8 hours in case of laptops. On the other hand, desktops needs a UPS so that in case of a
powercut, the machine doesn’t shut down immediately. And the battery back up of UPSs is not impressive.
Which One To Buy?
According to me if you are not a pro gamer(although gamers also use laptops to play high-end games, the compatible ones come costly) you should buy a laptop for sure.
Now comes the question of processors. Which processor you should consider?
There are two major processors available in the market. AMD and INTEL.
INTEL Or AMD Processors?
If you are buying a cheap and basic laptop say less than 20,000 INR you should go for AMD processors because the power of AMD processors is high but comes cheap. INTEL processors embedded inside laptops that comes under 20,000 INR have low processing speed.
If you want to buy a decent laptop with some good configurations go for INTEL processors for sure. INTEL processors handle multitasking easily.
Type Of Intel Processors
Intel make different processors like Pentium4, Dual Core, Core2Duo, i3, i5, and i7. The latest versions which are ruling the market are i3, i5, and i7. The cores present in these processors are 2, 4 and 8 respectively. The higher the number of cores a processor has, the more easily it can handle instructions.
i3 Or i5 or i7?
If you want to see movies, browse the internet and do some basic works, then i3 processors are best for you.
On the other hand, if you want to edit videos, use photoshop or need to run some heavy softwares, go for i5.
And if you want to play some very high-end games that needs high-end graphics performance, go for i7 processors.
Generations Of The Processor
After processors, the most important thing inside a laptop is RAM.
RAM stands for random access memory and we all know that.
Actually, a processor is designed to process the instructions it receives and deliver the output accordingly. Before any instruction enters a processor to get processed, it needs to be stored in some memory.
This memory is embraced by a RAM. The RAM stores the instructions and send them to the processor to process. The higher the capacity of the RAM, the more easily the multitasking will be.
Which RAM To Opt?
If you buy an i3 processor laptop then 4GB of RAM is sufficient for you.
If you are buying an i5 or i7 processor laptop, then the minimum capacity of RAM you should go for is 8GB. Because a 4GB RAM is not going to handle the instructions that an i5 or i7 is capable of.
It can’t handle that much of instructions at a time an i5 and i7 processors can process.
Ultimately, your system will face major lags and heat problems.
There Are Different Generations Of RAM.
They are DDR, DDR2, DDR3, and DDR4. The latest version is DDR4. The technology used in these RAMs consumes less battery power and you get maximum storage capacity. The capacity depicts how fast the read and write the instructions will be performed inside the RAM.
In DDR4, the read-write speed is maximum.
Go for the latest version i.e., DDR4 because the version changes frequently and lasts maximum up to 1 year only. Every year the RAMs get updated and a new version enters the market.
After RAM, the most important thing to consider is a Hard Drive. Hard Drives resemble the capacity of Hard Disks present inside a computer.
Type Of Hard Drives
There are two kinds of hard disks available in the market, HDD(Hard Disk Drive) and SSD(Solid State Drive). The space you get in HDDs is much higher than SSDs but it uses a traditional technology in which the data is stored inside a cylinder.
On the other hand, in SSDs the data is stored in chips. SSDs are latest technology and the read-write speed of SSDs is much prominent than HDDs.
SDDs Are Costlier
SSDs are costlier than HDDs. A 128 GB SSD will cost you around 4000 to 5000 INR. That is
Either you get a pre-installed Microsoft Windows operating system or you get an MS-DOS in which you will have to install Windows from external sources.
Windows Vs MS-DOS
If you buy a pre-installed Windows operating system laptop you have to pay 7000 to 8000 more as compared to an MS-DOS laptop with the same configurations because the provider is charging you the amount he paid to Microsoft for purchasing the original version of Windows.
Anyhow for purchasing the original version of Windows, you have to pay a sum of around 7000 to 8000. Or you can install the pirated version of Windows if you don’t want to spend extra.
Which One To Buy?
I don’t support pirated versions because they may get you a stuck in issues like virus attacks or data thefts.
So, it is better to buy a pre-installed Windows operating system for your laptop.
You can also buy a LINUX or UBUNTU operating system installed machine but they are not widely used.
By display I mean resolution. Laptop prices gets modified according to the resolution they support.
Types Of Resolution
- 720p : 1280 x 720 ~ HD resolution.
- 1080p: 1920 x 1080 ~ FHD or Full HD resolution.
- Other than these there are 2K, 4K and 8K resolutions. These resolutions refers to the number of pixels a display holds!
For e.g., a 2K display has 2000 pixels whereas an 8K display will have 32000 pixels which is 16 times more than the 2K.
If you are buying an FHD+ display laptop then make sure it has a dedicated graphics card installed.
Graphics card or the GPU processes the display resolution and gives you the output on the screen.
AMD Or NVIDIA?
AMD and NVIDIA are the two major GPU manufacturing companies and most laptops embeds either two of them.
If you are on a low budget side and don’t want to play high-end games on your laptop, choose AMD GPUs.
But if you want some extreme performances from your laptop, you can opt for NVIDIA graphic cards as they are more powerful than AMDs.
- Choose Laptop over Desktop.
- Processor ~ Minimum Intel core i5.
- RAM ~ Minimum 4GB DDR4.
- GPU ~ AMD or NVIDIA. Ignore INTEL HD graphics.
- Hard Drive ~ Minimum 1TB HDD. At least, 128GB for SDD hard drives.
- Operating system ~ Pre-installed Windows10.